[QSA-12212112] Security Update Bundle

Qlustar Security Advisory 12212112

December 21st, 2021


Summary:

A Qlustar security update bundle is a cumulative update of packages that are taken from upstream Debian/Ubuntu without modification. Only packages that are used in a typical HPC/Storage cluster installation are mentioned in Qlustar Security Advisories. Other non-HPC related updates also enter the Qlustar repository, but their functionality is not separately verified by the Qlustar team. To track these updates subscribe to the general security mailing lists of Debian/Ubuntu and/or CentOS.

Package(s)       : see upstream description of individual package
Qlustar releases : 11.0, 12.0
Affected versions: All versions prior to this update
Vulnerability    : see upstream description of individual package
Problem type     : see upstream description of individual package
Qlustar-specific : no
CVE Id(s)        : see upstream description of individual package

This update includes several security related package updates from Debian/Ubuntu and CentOS. The following list provides references to the upstream security report of the corresponding packages. You can view the original upstream advisory by clicking on the corresponding title.

Relevant to Qlustar 12.0 and 11.0

Python vulnerabilities

It was discovered that the urllib.request.AbstractBasicAuthHandler class in Python contains regex allowing for catastrophic backtracking. Specially crafted traffic from a malicious HTTP server could cause a regular expression denial of service (ReDoS) condition for a client.

It was discovered that the urllib.request.AbstractBasicAuthHandler class in Python contains regex with a quadratic worst-case time complexity. Specially crafted traffic from a malicious HTTP server could cause a regular expression denial of service (ReDoS) condition for a client.

It was discovered that the Python urllib http client could enter into an infinite loop when incorrectly handling certain server responses (100 Continue response). Specially crafted traffic from a malicious HTTP server could cause a denial of service (Dos) condition for a client.

X.Org X Server vulnerabilities

Jan-Niklas Sohn discovered that the X.Org X Server incorrectly handled certain inputs. An attacker could use this issue to cause the server to crash, resulting in a denial of service, or possibly execute arbitrary code and escalate privileges.

GLib vulnerability

It was discovered that GLib incorrectly handled certain environment variables. An attacker could possibly use this issue to escalate privileges.

MariaDB vulnerability

Only relevant to Qlustar 12: A security issue was discovered in MariaDB and this update includes new upstream MariaDB versions to fix the issue. MariaDB has been updated to 10.3.32. In addition to security fixes, the updated packages contain bug fixes, new features, and possibly incompatible changes.

Samba vulnerabilities

The following issues only affect Qlustar 11:

Stefan Metzmacher discovered that Samba incorrectly handled SMB1 client connections. A remote attacker could possibly use this issue to downgrade connections to plaintext authentication.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba incorrectly mapping domain users to local users. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to become root on domain members.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba did not properly check sensitive attributes. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to escalate privileges.

Joseph Sutton discovered that Samba incorrectly handled certain TGS requests. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to cause Samba to crash, resulting in a denial of service.

NSS vulnerability

Tavis Ormandy discovered that NSS incorrectly handled verifying DSA/RSA-PSS signatures. A remote attacker could use this issue to cause NSS to crash, resulting in a denial of service, or possibly execute arbitrary code.

Vim vulnerabilities

Brian Carpenter discovered that vim incorrectly handled memory when opening certain files. If a user was tricked into opening a specially crafted file, a remote attacker could crash the application, leading to a denial of service, or possible execute arbitrary code with user privileges.

It was discovered that vim incorrectly handled memory when opening certain files. If a user was tricked into opening a specially crafted file, a remote attacker could crash the application, leading to a denial of service, or possible execute arbitrary code with user privileges.

It was discovered that vim incorrectly handled memory when opening certain files. If a user was tricked into opening a specially crafted file, a remote attacker could crash the application, leading to a denial of service, or possible execute arbitrary code with user privileges.

It was discovered that vim incorrectly handled memory when opening certain files. If a user was tricked into opening a specially crafted file, a remote attacker could crash the application, leading to a denial of service, or possible execute arbitrary code with user privileges.

Samba vulnerabilities

Stefan Metzmacher discovered that Samba incorrectly handled SMB1 client connections. A remote attacker could possibly use this issue to downgrade connections to plaintext authentication.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba incorrectly mapping domain users to local users. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to become root on domain members.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba did not correctly sandbox Kerberos tickets issues by an RODC. An RODC could print administrator tickets, contrary to expectations.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba incorrectly handled Kerberos tickets. Delegated administrators could possibly use this issue to impersonate accounts, leading to total domain compromise.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba did not provide stable AD identifiers to Kerberos acceptors.

Andrew Bartlett discovered that Samba did not properly check sensitive attributes. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to escalate privileges.

Stefan Metzmacher discovered that Samba incorrectly handled certain large DCE/RPC requests. A remote attacker could possibly use this issue to bypass signature requirements.

William Ross discovered that Samba incorrectly handled memory. A remote attacker could use this issue to cause Samba to crash, resulting in a denial of service, or possibly escalate privileges.

Joseph Sutton discovered that Samba incorrectly handled certain TGS requests. An authenticated attacker could possibly use this issue to cause Samba to crash, resulting in a denial of service.

PHP vulnerability

It was discovered that PHP-FPM in PHP incorrectly handled certain inputs. An attacker could possibly use this issue to cause a crash or execute arbitrary code.

GNU binutils vulnerabilities

It was discovered that GNU binutils incorrectly handled certain hash lookups. An attacker could use this issue to cause GNU binutils to crash, resulting in a denial of service, or possibly execute arbitrary code.

It was discovered that GNU binutils incorrectly handled certain corrupt DWARF debug sections. An attacker could possibly use this issue to cause GNU binutils to consume memory, resulting in a denial of service.

CentOS 7.9 / 8.4 security updates

Please check the CentOS mailing list for details about CentOS 7/8 updates that entered this release (everything from October 16th, 2021 to December 21st, 2021).

Update instructions:

The problem can be corrected by updating your system to the following or more recent package versions:

For Qlustar 12.0

qlustar-module-core-focal-amd64-12.0.0     12.0.0.8-b546f1425
qlustar-module-core-centos7-amd64-12.0.0   12.0.0.8-b546f1425
qlustar-module-core-centos8-amd64-12.0.0   12.0.0.8-b546f1425

For Qlustar 11.0

qlustar-module-core-bionic-amd64-11.0.1    11.0.1.12-b543f1424
qlustar-module-core-centos7-amd64-11.0.1   11.0.1.12-b543f1424
qlustar-module-core-centos8-amd64-11.0.1   11.0.1.12-b543f1424

Special Update instructions:

In addition to the steps described in the general Qlustar Update Instructions these updates require the following:

  • On Qlustar 12: Also write the dnsmasq config with QluMan before rebooting. If your cluster was installed with a release earlier than 12.0.0.8-b546f1425 you will have to generate new LDAP certificates st some point since the earlier ones were generated with a 1 year validity. Now they are generated with an unlimited validity. To check the expiration date execute
    # openssl x509 -dates -in /etc/ssl/certs/qlustar-ca-cert.pem | grep notAfter
    

    To regenerate the certificate with unlimited validity execute

    # qluman-ldap-cli --update-certs
    

    before rebooting the whole cluster.

  • On Qlustar 11: Also perform the manual steps ‘7. Migration to GRUB PXE booting’ and ‘11. Adjust root bash shell initialization’ as described in the Release Notes if you haven’t done so yet.